Birth Defects or Congenital Disorders

Around 3 to 4 percent of babies are born with some form of birth defect. A birth condition is either a physical or a mental problem. It may be moderate or severe. Many birth defects have life-threatening effects. Congenital diseases or congenital abnormalities are also known as birth defects. Several common birth defects include congenital heart abnormalities, lip / palate clefts, down syndrome and spina bifida. Child defects may be caused by genetic or chromosomal abnormalities, exposure to certain medications or chemicals, or other diseases during birth. Risk factors include folate deficiency, smoking or alcohol during pregnancy, chronic diabetes, and motherhood delays. Until conception different prenatal tests will detect a number of defects. The treatment differs, depending on the defects. Therapy, medicine , surgery or aided technologies can be needed for these.

  • Structural birth defects
  • Functional or developmental birth defects
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Testing and diagnosis
  • Prevention of birth defects

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